Requirements Trade-Off Considerations in Design Evolution

DS 116: Proceedings of the DESIGN2022 17th International Design Conference

Year: 2022
Editor: Mario Štorga, Stanko Škec, Tomislav Martinec, Dorian Marjanović
Author: Georges Fadel (1), Chuck Kirschman (2), David Gorsich (3), Nafiseh Masoudi (1)
Series: DESIGN
Institution: 1: Clemson University, United States of America; 2: Bentley Systems, United States of America; 3: U.S. Army Ground Vehicle Systems Center, United States of America
Section: Design Support Tools and Methods
Page(s): 383-394
DOI number:
ISSN: 2732-527X (Online)


This paper presents approaches to compare criteria and help designers make decisions based on trade-offs between criteria. The impetus for the paper is to identify possible directions to improve/innovate a product and propose a value shell model displaying various criteria or their combination to represent the effort needed to improve the criteria. The focus is on automotive market and approaches in industry and government are differentiated. Since the effort (manpower, cost and time) needed to improve a product is not public knowledge, the paper leaves the evaluation of the approach to users.

Keywords: innovation, decision making, requirements management, value shell, trade-off studies

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