Designing Human Digital Twins for Behaviour-Changing Therapy and Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review

DS 116: Proceedings of the DESIGN2022 17th International Design Conference

Year: 2022
Editor: Mario Štorga, Stanko Škec, Tomislav Martinec, Dorian Marjanović
Author: Martin Wolfgang Lauer-Schmaltz (1), Philip Cash (1), John Paulin Hansen (1), Anja Maier (1,2)
Series: DESIGN
Institution: 1: Technical University of Denmark, Denmark; 2: University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom
Section: Design for Healthcare
Page(s): 1303-1312
DOI number:
ISSN: 2732-527X (Online)


One of the most promising trends in healthcare digitalisation is the personalisation and individualisation of therapy based on virtual representations of the human body through Human Digital Twins (HDTs). Despite the growing number of articles on HDTs, to-date no consensus on how to design such systems exists. A systematic literature review for designing HDTs used for behaviour-changing therapy and rehabilitation resulted in eight key design considerations across four themes: regulatory and ethical, transparency and trust, dynamism and flexibility, and behaviour and cognitive mechanisms.

Keywords: digital twin, human digital twin, healthcare design, human-centred design, behavioural design

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