Operator 4.0 for Hybrid Manufacturing

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Fillingim, Kenton Blane; Feldhausen, Thomas
Series: ICED
Institution: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 2835-2844
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/pds.2023.284


Hybrid manufacturing, a combination of additive and subtractive manufacturing capabilities in one system, has recently become a more viable production option across several industries. Although current hybrid manufacturing research covers a broad range of topics, there is a lack of focus on how this new technology impacts both the designer and the operator of hybrid systems. This paper identifies areas of literature across design theory and Industry/Operator 4.0 research efforts and presents a path for applying this research to hybrid manufacturing users. The unique relationship between operator and designer is highlighted as they learn new strategies and develop new intuitive judgements over time to become the first experienced/expert users of hybrid manufacturing. The potential impact of excessive cognitive workload due to the novel combination of processes is discussed. This paper begins a critical discussion about proper knowledge transfer to other hybrid designers and operators, as well as towards efforts of monitoring, inspecting, and automating hybrid manufacturing processes.

Keywords: Knowledge management, Additive Manufacturing, Human behaviour in design, Hybrid Manufacturing, Operator 4.0

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