The Doughnut as a support of the "Sustainable Value Engineering"

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nadège Troussier
Author: Lalevée, Alexis (1,2,3); Troussier, Nadège (1,4); Blanco, Eric (2,5)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: UR InSyTE, Université de Technologie de Troyes, 12 rue Marie Curie, 10010 Troyes, France;2: Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP1, G-SCOP, 38000 Grenoble, France;3: Euro Contrôle Projet (ECP) Company, 13000 Aix-en-Provence, France;4: Arts et Métiers - campus de Paris - ENSAM, 151 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, 75013 Paris, France;5: Ecole de l’Air BA 701 13661 Salon Air, France
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 3365-3374
DOI number:


Societies are faced to ecological crises and widening disparities. This has to be integrated in the management of complex projects as they are increasingly complex and impactful. Value Analysis can serve assessing the value of a project i.e. knowing how the project will be perceived by the Stakeholders. It is a collaborative approach that helps make decisions in the early stages of a complex project.

This paper aims at demonstrating that a new “Sustainable Value Analysis” (SVA) provides a decision-making support toward sustainability. SVA uses a new definition of Value and a set of indicators based on the Doughnut.

Methods for the introduction of sustainability in the upstream design phases have limitations, which are highlighted in the literature review. Yet, the potentials of value approaches can be shown. Based on this analysis, an illustrative case is proposed to demonstrate how to integrate the ecological and social dimensions in a classical Value Engineering approach to determine SVA. The article concludes that the SVA allows identifying and characterizing the sustainable dimensions of Value, through a collective approach based on Stakeholders.

Keywords: Complexity, Collaborative design, Design engineering, Stakeholder, Doughnut

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